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رهیافت های نوین مدیریت و فناوری ( ری را)
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چارچوب تحلیلی برای بررسی پایداری در بخش گردشگری در ایران با تاکید بر ظرفیت حمل
An Analytic Framework for Assessing the Sustainability of the Tourism Sector in Iran with Emphasis on Carrying Capacity


نویسندگان این مقاله:
Lobat Zebardast نویسنده مسئول
Seddigheh Nasri نویسنده همکار


توضیحات اضافه :
دوره : 2 سال : 1396 فصل : بهار صفحات : مقاله نشریه - 16 موضوع : مدیریت

خلاصه مقاله:

ایران کشوری است که اکوسیستم شکننده خشک و کمبود آب، به طوری که هر نوع توسعه، مانند گردشگری، باید با احتیاط به منظور تصویب مرز آستانه اکوسیستم نمی برنامه ریزی شده است. در این تحقیق، با استفاده از چارچوب علی از DPSIR، علل اصلی و عواقب ناشی از بالا بودن تعداد گردشگری داخلی در ایران مورد بررسی قرار گیرد و پاسخ به حداقل رساندن جنبه های منفی گردشگری داخلی هستند پیشنهاد می شود پرداختن به بخش های مختلف از مدل DPSIR. استراتژی مانند مدیریت ساختار جمعیت و پراکندگی به منظور کاهش نرخ شهرنشینی در ایران همراه با قدرت بخشیدن به مناطق روستایی راه حل نهایی اما مدت طولانی است. همچنین، غیر متمرکز و مدیریت گردشگری مبتنی بر جامعه می تواند یک راه حل خوب برای اداره بهتر بخش گردشگری در ایران است. حرکت به سوی اشکال پایدار تر از گردشگری به جای گردشگری انبوه به خصوص در حساس و مناطق حفاظت شده و همچنین قرار دادن محدودیت برای تعداد گردشگران که مجاز است به بازدید از یک سایت استراتژی میان دوره ای و کوتاه مدت است که می تواند بخش گردشگری در ایران کمک به حرکت به سمت ثبات .

Iran is a country with fragile arid ecosystems and lack of water, so every type of development, such as tourism, should be cautiously planned in order not to pass the border of ecosystem thresholds. In this research, using the causal framework of the DPSIR, the main causes and consequences of the high number of domestic tourism in Iran are examined and the responses to minimize the negative aspects of domestic tourism are proposed addressing different parts of the DPSIR model. Strategies such as managing the population structure and dispersion in order to reduce urbanization rate in Iran along with empowering rural areas are ultimate but long term solutions. Also, decentralized and community-based tourism management can be a good solution for a better governance of tourism sector in Iran. Moving toward more sustainable forms of tourism instead of mass tourism especially in sensitive and protected areas and also putting limits to the number of tourists that are permitted to visit a site are midterm and short term strategies that can help the tourism sector in Iran move toward sustainability.



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